The general secretary of the PSOE , Pedro Sanchez , has won the confidence of the Congress of Deputies by 180 votes against 169 against and one abstention and has been invested as the new president of the Government.
PSOE, Podemos , Compromís , ERC , PDeCAT , Bildu and PNV have ended the mandate of Mariano Rajoy and have led Sánchez to La Moncloa . He thus becomes the seventh president of democracy and the third socialist who holds the leadership of the Executive. It is, however, the first to get this position without being deputy and without having been elected by citizens at the polls.
The Presidency of Pedro Sánchez was born as a result of a motion of censure , a constitutional instrument by virtue of which, in times of serious crisis or instability, the Congress can submit to examination and reprobation the President of the Government, withdraw the trust and instead aupar a candidate with an alternative governance program. This is regulated by Article 113 of the Constitution.
Until now, none of the censorship motions that had been presented in the history of Spanish democracy had prospered. Pedro Sánchez’s has done it. It was minutes before 12:00.
From this moment, the president of the Congress, Ana Pastor , will communicate to the King the result of the vote and the new investiture will be published in the Official State Gazette tomorrow and Sanchez will be ready to take possession swearing or promising loyalty to the King and comply and enforce the Constitution. This procedure can be substantiated tomorrow Saturday.
The new president will then have to appoint the members of his Government. There is no precise deadline for this, but it is a decision that must be taken in a matter of a few days. Once all the new ministers take possession of their portfolios, the Executive will be constituted.
Backup of very diverse forces
The mandate of Pedro Sánchez, supported in reality by only 84 deputies , is born with the prediction of instability. The president has added the votes of very diverse forces to get to power, but these same parties do not feel subject from now on to any pact with him to sustain it.
Sanchez has come to La Moncloa under the banner of the fight against corruption, encouraged by the seriousness of the judgment of the case Gürtel and no accountability, in the view of most political forces, by the now former president and leader of the PP , Mariano Rajoy.
The new head of the Government has assumed, minutes before the vote that has confirmed him, that his task from now on will be very complicated . His arrival in power has been abrupt and hasty. The weight of the State has fallen on their shoulders without previous warming.
Sanchez, who has decided to assume the General State Budgets prepared and approved by the PP , will have to work facing the first opposition party in Congress, the PP, much larger than his own and also has a majority absolute in the Senate .
The new president has promised to fulfill the commitments of Spain in the European Union and work for social cohesion. He also assured that he will initiate a dialogue with the new president of the Generalitat, Quim Torra , to try to find a political solution to the independence challenge.